Home Costa Rica FactsGeography Geographic Location, Area, Elevation

Geographic Location, Area, Elevation

by Super User



Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama

Geographic coordinates:


10 00 N, 84 00 W


Map references:


Central America





total: 51,100 sq km
land: 50,660 sq km
water: 440 sq km
note: includes Isla del Coco


Area – comparative:


slightly smaller than West Virginia


Land boundaries:


total: 639 km
border countries: Nicaragua 309 km, Panama 330 km




1,290 km




tropical and subtropical; dry season (December to April); rainy season (May to November); cooler in highlands




coastal plains separated by rugged mountains including over 100 volcanic cones, of which several are major volcanoes



Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Cerro Chirripo 3,810 m



Land use:

arable land: 4.4%
permanent crops: 5.87%
other: 89.73% (2005)


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