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P Law Group

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Geographic Location, Area, Elevation



Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama

Geographic coordinates:


10 00 N, 84 00 W


Map references:


Central America





total: 51,100 sq km
land: 50,660 sq km
water: 440 sq km
note: includes Isla del Coco


Area – comparative:


slightly smaller than West Virginia


Land boundaries:


total: 639 km
border countries: Nicaragua 309 km, Panama 330 km




1,290 km




tropical and subtropical; dry season (December to April); rainy season (May to November); cooler in highlands




coastal plains separated by rugged mountains including over 100 volcanic cones, of which several are major volcanoes



Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Cerro Chirripo 3,810 m



Land use:

arable land: 4.4%
permanent crops: 5.87%
other: 89.73% (2005)


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